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Technical Notes on Brick Construction

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are FREE bulletins that contain design, detailing, and construction information based on the latest technical developments in brick masonry. Drawings, photographs, tables, and charts illustrate appropriate topics. Most of the details in the Technical Notes are available as CAD Details on the AEC Info website.

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are recommendations on the use of fired clay brick. They are explicitly written for fired clay brick which are manufactured:

    1)  from clay, shale, or similar naturally-occurring earthy substances, and
    2)  with a firing process that creates a fired bond between the particles of the brick.

The properties of fired clay brick and the clay brick masonry made from them were used to establish the recommendations in these Technical Notes.  Using these recommendations with other products that are not manufactured as outlined above may not result in the same performance associated with fired clay brick masonry. Further, use of these Technical Notes for the design, installation, and maintenance of construction built with other products may in fact be detrimental to those products and the building on which they are installed. Thus, BIA does not advise the use of these recommendations with other products, including but not limited to those claiming to be similar to fired clay brick products such as “fly ash” brick, concrete brick, and other unfired or non-clay brick.

The Brick Industry Association is currently in the process of revising many of the Technical Notes. Technical content will be updated to current standards and construction practices. Other changes will include updated format, graphics, drawings, and photographs.

Technical Notes are available individually online or may be ordered as a set through the Brick Bookstore. Once registered, the purchaser of a complete set with a binder will be notified via email of new or revised Technical Notes.

Technical Notes Index

   Hot and Cold Weather Construction
 June 2006
 2    Glossary of Terms Relating to Brick Construction
 Mar 1999
 3    Overview of Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures
 July 2002
 3A    Brick Masonry Material Properties
 Dec 1992
 3B    Brick Masonry Section Properties
 May 1993
 4    Introduction to Energy Performance of Brick Masonry
 Jan 2016
 4A    Residential Energy Code Compliance  June 2016
 4B    Energy Code Compliance of Brick Masonry Walls
 Feb 2002
 5A    Sound Insulation - Clay Masonry Walls
 Aug 2000
 6    Painting Brick Masonry
 Dec 1985
 6A    Colorless Coatings for Brick Masonry
 Aug 2008
 7    Water Penetration Resistance - Design and Detailing
 Nov 2017
 7A    Water Penetration Resistance - Materials
 Nov 2017
 7B    Water Penetration Resistance - Construction and Workmanship
 Nov 2017
 8    Mortars for Brickwork
 Jan 2008
 8B    Mortars for Brickwork - Selection and Quality Assurance
 Oct 2006
 9    Manufacturing of Brick
 Dec 2006
 9A    Specifications for and Classifications of Brick
 Oct 2007
 9B    Manufacturing, Classifications, and Selection of Brick - Part 3
 Dec 2003
 10    Dimensioning and Estimating Brick Masonry
 Feb 2009
 11    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 1
 Aug 2001
 11A    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 2
 Sept 1988
 11B    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 3
 Sept 1988
 11C    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 4  May 1998
 11D    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 4 Continued  Sept 1988
 11E    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 5  Sept 1991
 13    Ceramic Glazed Brick Exterior Walls
 June 2017
 14    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers
 May 2017
 14A    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers on a Sand Setting Bed
 May 2017
 14B    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers on a Bituminous Setting Bed  June 2010
 14C    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers in a Mortar Setting Bed  July 2011
 14D    Permeable Clay Brick Pavements  Feb 2012
 14E    Accessible Clay Brick Pavements  July 2012
 15    Salvaged Brick
 May 1988
 16    Fire Resistance of Brick Masonry
 Mar 2008
 17    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Introduction
 Oct 1996
 17A    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Materials and Construction
 Aug 1997
 17B    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Beams  Mar 1999
 17L    Four Inch RBM Curtain and Panel Walls  Sept 1988
 17M    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Girders  Sept 1988
 18    Volume Changes - Analysis and Effects of Movement
 Oct 2006
 18A    Accommodating Expansion of Brickwork
 Nov 2006
 19    Residential Fireplace Design
 Jan 1993
 19A    Residential Fireplaces - Details and Construction
 Aug 2000
 19B    Residential Chimneys - Design and Construction
 Apr 1998
 19C    Contemporary Brick Masonry Fireplaces
 Oct 2001
 19D    Brick Masonry Fireplaces - Part 1, Russian-Style Heaters
 June 1987
 19E    Brick Masonry Fireplaces - Part 2, Fountain and Contemporary Style Heaters
 Feb 1988
 Cleaning Brickwork  June 2006
 21    Brick Masonry Cavity Walls
 Aug 1998
 21A    Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - Selection of Materials
 Feb 1999
 21B    Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - Detailing
 Apr 2002
 21C    Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - Construction  Oct 1989
 23    Stains - Identification and Prevention  June 2006
 23A    Efflorescence - Causes and Prevention
 June 2006
 24    The Contemporary Bearing Wall
 June 2002
 24C    The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Introduction to Shear Wall Design
 May 1988
 24F    The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Construction
 Sept 1988
 24G    The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Detailing  Feb 1987
 26    Single Wythe Bearing Walls
 Sept 1994
 27    Brick Masonry Rain Screen Walls
 Aug 1994
 28    Brick Veneer/Wood Stud Walls
 Nov 2012
 28A    Adding Brick Veneer to Existing Construction
 Apr 2008
 28B    Brick Veneer/Steel Stud Walls
 Dec 2005
 28C    Thin Brick Veneer
 Apr 2014
 29    Brick In Landscape Architecture - Pedestrian Applications
 July 1994
 29A    Brick In Landscape Architecture - Garden Walls
 Jan 1999
 29B    Brick In Landscape Architecture - Miscellaneous Applications
 May 1988
 30    Bonds and Patterns in Brickwork
 Mar 1999
 31    Brick Masonry Arches
 Jan 1995
 31A    Structural Design of Brick Masonry Arches
 July 1986
 31B    Structural Steel Lintels
 May 1987
 31C    Structural Design of Semicircular Brick Masonry Arches
 Aug 1986
 36    Brick Masonry Details - Sills and Soffits
 Jan 1988
 36A    Brick Masonry Details - Caps, Copings, Corbels, and Racking
 Feb 2001
 39    Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Brick and Mortar
 Nov 2001
 39A    Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Determination of Allowable Design Stresses
 Dec 1987
 39B    Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Quality Control
 Mar 1988
 40    Prefabricated Brick Masonry - Introduction
 Aug 2001
 41    Hollow Brick Masonry
 Jan 2008
 42    Empirical Design of Brick Masonry
 Nov 1991
 43    Passive Solar Heating with Brick Masonry - Part 1, Introduction
 June 1981
 43C    Passive Solar Cooling with Brick Masonry - Part 1, Introduction
 Feb 2001
 43D    Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems - Part 4, Material Properties
 Sept 1988
 43G    Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems - Part 7, Details and Construction
 Sept 1986
 44    Anchor Bolts for Brick Masonry
 Apr 1986
 44A    Fasteners for Brick Masonry
 Aug 1997
 44B    Wall Ties for Brick Masonry
 May 2003
 45    Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls - Introduction
 July 2001
 45A    Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls - Structural Design
 Apr 1992
 46    Maintenance of Brick Masonry
 Dec 2017
 47    Condensation - Prevention and Control
 June 2006
 48    Sustainability and Brick
 Nov 2015