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Shelter from the Storm

NEWS FROM THE BRICK INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION

Contact:     Stephen Sears               
                  703-674-1536
                  ssears@bia.org

Shelter from the Storm: New study finds that homes built with brick provide better protection from wind-blown debris

Homes featuring brick veneer far exceed strictest hurricane building standards

Reston, VA, September 22, 2004 - A new study shows that homes built with brick offer dramatically more protection from wind-blown debris than homes built with vinyl or fiber-cement siding.

The study, conducted at the Wind Science and Engineering Research Center at Texas Tech University, demonstrated that a medium-sized
wind-blown object, such as a 7.5-foot long 2 x 4, would penetrate homes built with vinyl or fiber-cement siding at a speed of 25 miles per hour (mph). By comparison, the same object would need to travel at a speed exceeding 80 mph in order to penetrate the wall of a brick home. 

In a test that simulated wind-blown debris traveling at a speed of 34 mph, the 2 x 4 bounced off the brick veneer with no damage to the interior wall. When the same test was conducted on a vinyl or fiber-cement sided wall, the 2 x 4 easily penetrated the wall, with more than five feet of the timber passing through the interior wall. The test was representative of weather that would generate wind speeds of between 100 and 140 mph.

"This research demonstrates that buildings and homes built with brick provide a huge advantage over those built with lightweight sidings," said Richard Jennison, president and CEO of the Brick Industry Association. Not all walls are built the same and they don't perform the same. Brick provides safety for building occupants and security for property. 

Test Videos (MOV):

Brick Veneer
Fiber Cement
Vinyl Siding

Video Test Specs:
                                  
Item: 2 x 4
Weight: 9 pounds Length: 7.5 feet
Wind Speed: 34 mph


Press-Ready Test Pictures (PDF):

Brick Veneer - Interior
Brick Veneer - Exterior
Fiber Cement - Interior
Fiber Cement - Exterior
Vinyl Siding - Interior
Vinyl Siding - Exterior

Image Test Specs:
Item: 2 x 4
Weight: 9 pounds Length: 7.5 feet            
Wind Speed: 34 mph                           

Test Fact Sheets (PDF):

Test Overview
Test Details                                               
Test Images                                              
    






The study, which was sponsored by the Brick Industry Association, consisted of a series of tests that simulated the potential damage
that could result from wind-blown debris by propelling a nine-pound 2 x 4 at samples of typical residential wall construction. This size 2 x 4
is representative of typical wood framing used in home construction and could be expected to become airborne in high winds.

The Wind Science and Engineering Research Center, which conducted the study, was established after a devastating tornado in Lubbock, Texas, and is recognized as the premier location for impact testing of wind-blown debris. Dr. Richard M. Bennett, P. E., of the University of Tennessee Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, was the principal investigator.

The tests found that homes made with brick exceed the 34 mph impact resistance requirement for high velocity hurricane zones in the Florida
building code. Brick also exceeds Florida's impact resistance requirements for essential facilities in hurricane areas.

The impact test procedures in the study are used to rate wall, door and window protection assemblies for damage in high wind situations. The tests used four feet wide by four feet tall wall segments constructed in accordance with the International Residential Code provisions for high wind areas. Each wall was made up of 1/2 inch gypsum board, 2 x 4 wood studs at 16 inches on center with fiberglass insulation between, 1/2 inch Oriented Strand Board (OSB) sheathing, and brick veneer or siding attached with the appropriate ties or nails.

The tests were the second phase of a two-year study conducted by the brick industry on the impact resistance of typical residential wall construction to wind-blown debris. The first part of the study, which was completed last December, included a review of building codes and standards requirements with a focus on impact tests of siding materials. The tests at Texas Tech University took place in August 2004.

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About the Brick Industry Association:
The Brick Industry Association (BIA) is the national trade association representing distributors and manufacturers of clay brick and suppliers of related products and services. The Association is involved in a broad range of technical, research, marketing, government relations and
communications activities.  It is the recognized national authority on residential and commercial uses of brick.

Editor's Note:
Images and video from the test are available for unlimited editorial use in digital format. Videotapes can also be provided upon
request (Beta and VHS format). Please contact Stephen Sears at 703-674-1536 or via e-mail at ssears@bia.org to secure materials.
Materials are also available from the Brick Industry Association bookstore